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  • Lion Dance (Qilin Dance, Dragon Dance, Pixiu Dance, Qilin and Phoenix Dance)

    The Dongguan Lion Dance is a type of Southern Lion dance originated in the Ming Dynasty. It is performed on holidays as well as celebrations as a wish for peace and luck. Zhongkeng village in Shipai was named the “Home of Lion Dance in Guangdong” in 1997 and “National Home of Folk Art (Lion Dance) by the Ministry of Culture in 2000. The Dongguan Lion Dance Team has won various competitions and the Dongguan Lion Dance has been listed as the Guangdong non-material heritage.


    Historically speaking, Dongguan has always been the place in the Pearl River Delta where Qilin Dance was the most popular. This particular cultural dance is most widespread in the towns with mountains nearby,. The Dongguan Qilin Dance combines many different art forms such as dancing, music and percussion, paper craft, painting, embroidery, performing arts into one Chinese folk culture. The Qilin Dance in the Zhangmutou town was listed in the third national list of non-material heritage, and won the gold award in the countryside square dancing competition in the first Guangdong Community Festival in 2011.


    Dragon Dance was originated from a folk dance for rain. Over the years has become a dance wishing for happiness. On the National Day in 2002, the Women’s Dragon Dance Team in Dalang participated in the first Guangdong Folk Art Performance Competition in Xiqiao Mountain. In 2011, they won the gold award in countryside square dancing competition in the first Guangdong Community Festival. Dongguan’s Dragon Dance has been listed in the second group of Guangdong non-material heritage.


    The Pixiu Dance can be seen in the southeast part of Dongguan, where Shuibian village in Hengli is one of the most renowned. Today, Wu Zicheng and Wu Manshui teaches young people the Pixiu dance for free in Hengli, hoping that this folk art will be able to be passed down to future generations. In 2006, it was listed in Dongguan’s first group of non-material heritage.


    Dongguan’s Qilin and Phoenix Dance has more than a century history in Dongguan and is very popular among the local people. It is an important part of folk culture, mythical and uniquely local. For example, in Daojiao town, the dance is divided into two variations. The former begins with the Qilin Dance, followed by the Phoenix Dance and a double dance, and finished with Canton opera. The latter begins with the Qilin Dance, followed by a double dance and Wushu performance, such as Cai, Hong or Nan style of boxing or with traditional Chinese weapons.